Types Of Cyclamen Spurge: Cyclamen Spurge, Benefits & More

Cyclamen spurge is a small, herbaceous perennial that grows in shady conditions. This plant is a great ornamental ground cover that blooms in the winter. Cyclamen spurge reproduces mostly by spreading tubers like potatoes. Cyclamen spurge can be found growing wild throughout North America, Europe, Asia Minor, China, Japan and Korea as an introduced species. 

Cyclamen alpinum

Cyclamen alpinum is one of several species belonging to the genus Cyclamen. 

There are native to mountain regions in the northern regions of Europe, Turkey, western Siberia, the southern Ural Mountains and parts of northern Iran. They tend to grow in rocky areas with limestone soil or at high altitudes in peatbogs. 

This is a hardy plant and is characterized by pink flowers or carmine purple flowers. These have a pleasant primrose scent. The leaves of this cyclamen species are rounded or angular. It grows up to a height of 8 cm and is 1.5 cm in width. White and pink propellers like flowers appear in the blooming season. It is hardy in USDA zone 5. The foliage is a bright green color that is very eye-catching.

Partial shade is ideal for the growth of this variety. Well-drained soil that is acidic, alkaline or neutral can ensure healthy growth of this plant. It takes approximately 2 to 5 years for this plant to grow to its maximum height. It is ideal to grow this plant in a cool glasshouse. The tops of the tubers should be planted at the surface in order to get the maximum filtered light and a moderate amount of humidity.

A moderate amount of water should be provided to this plant when it is in its growth stage. A low nitrogen liquid fertilizer should be applied once every two months approximately so that this plant can grow to become healthy. This plant is best suited to patios and containers. In order for healthy growth, no pruning is required. Grey molds can be a problem that persists in these species, alongside attracting vine weevil, cyclamen mite, and glasshouse red spider mite.

Cyclamen Coum

Cyclamen coum is a species of cyclamen in the genus Cyclamen, native to western Greece and other Mediterranean islands. It is a tuberous perennial growing to 20–30 centimetres (7.9–11.8 in) tall with large rounded leaves up to 25 cm (9.8 in) long, which bear flowers with white petals and shaded pink-purple backs.

It requires a moist well drained soil in a sunny position with sufficient winter rainfall. It is normally a clump forming plant, but can be grown as an alpine if given sufficient summer water, or in containers of compost. In temperatures of 10 to 12 °C (50 to 54 °F), the flowers can stay open for up to a week.

Cyclamen coum is an alpine species and preferably grows in rock crevices, fissures, or porous soil among low-growing vegetation at altitudes above 500 meters (1,600 ft). It flowers from May through August. The flowers are often arranged in a spiral pattern, as opposed to the pseudoneopolitanum group, which tends to have rounded flowers.

It is native to southern Greece from western Crete eastwards to Karpathos and Rhodes; it has been introduced elsewhere in the Mediterranean. The plant's specific epithet refers to this island of Karpathos where it has been found to be particularly abundant.

It is widely planted as a garden subject in temperate regions, where it is valued for its attractive glossy leaves and long flowering period through summer and autumn. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Cyclamen Creticum

The cyclamen creticum is a very attractive flowering plant with large flowers but only rambling stems that spread over the ground and creep along the surface. The leaves are oblanceolate, dark green above, pale beneath with leaf veins prominent. Stem leaves are crowded at base of plants; lamina broadly ovate, 1-2.5 cm long, 0.7-1.8 cm broad; petioles 8-25 mm long.

Many flowers in the rounded umbels are pink and remain for a long time even when mature; sometime they turn to red and then last longer than in the pastel colors of white or pink. The flowers are fragrant. Flowers in the umbel are on pedicels 2-5 mm long; petals 4, oblong or elliptic, 1.2-1.8 cm long, 0.7-1.0 cm broad at base, tapering gradually to claw 5 mm long; anthers pinkish white; pollen pale yellow; ovary ovoid.

The roots of cyclamen creticum are thick and fleshy with many lateral tubers similar to corn. The extract from this plant has been used synthetically as a substitute for digitalis in the treatment of cardiac ailments. In recent years it has become one of the main sources of cyclamen alkaloids. Cyclamen creticum has many medicinal uses, it is excellent for the treatment of bronchitus and tuberculosis. It also helps in curing leucoemic disorders with good results.

Cyclamen Libanoticum Plant

Cyclamen Libanoticum Plant is a herbaceous plant of the family of cyclamen, and has a small poisonous fruit that attracts birds and animals.

They are is highly toxic and can be fatal if ingested by humans or other animals. Ingestion could cause vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, slow pulse rate and heart palpitations.

This is a native of Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan; it grows in areas that are hot and dry. The plant grows best when planted at least 30 cm deep in the ground, it needs to be watered every day during summer. It can be propagated through seeds which should not germinate unless they are treated.

Cyclamen Libanoticum Plant is a redoubtable poison, it contains several toxic alkaloids. However, other parts of the plant such as leaves and roots are edible.

It can be used as an insecticide to kill ants or scorpions. It also served as an antidote in snake bite treatment. The juice extracted from the leaves and the root of the plant is used as a remedy for toothaches.

Cyclamen Persicum

Cyclamen Persicum is a species of flowering plant in the family Primulaceae, native to the mountains of southwest Asia from Turkey east to Iran. It is widely cultivated and reportedly naturalized in scattered locations in Europe, New Zealand, Chile and elsewhere. It was formerly known as Cyclamen repandum, but that species was moved to a new genus as Cyclamen coum. The plant is grown for its flowers, which have five petals, often pink or purple in colour with darker veins and blotches.

Cyclamen Persicum has a thick root system and an erect flowering stem 15–30 cm tall. The leaves are grey-green to dark green, elliptic or lanceolate (lance-shaped) 5–10 cm long and 3–5 cm broad. It is a tuberous member of the family Primulaceae with an underground stem called a "corm". Cylamen Persicum has purplish red or pink flowers with darker veins and blotches. The flowers are 3–4 cm diameter, and appear in late autumn to early spring (fall to early winter) in the Northern Hemisphere, as well as at other times of the year in warmer climates.

This is a very popular ground cover plant for gardens and containers. It comes in a myriad of colors (white, reds, pink, purple), shapes and sizes. It is often confused with other plants that are in the same family such as Gethyllis Vulneraria , which belongs to the Lily Family but resembles Cyclamen Persicum because both have flowers with five petals.

Cyclamen Pseudibericum

Cyclamen Pseudibericum is A Good Indoor Plant For Your House If you are looking for an indoor plant that is low maintenance and beautiful, cyclamen pseudibericum will fit the bill. Plants in this genus are carefree once they have been planted in a pot with good drainage. They should be watered sparingly until growth begins when then the soil can be moistened. They should be kept away from cold drafts and hot, direct sunlight.

Prior to planting your plant in a pot, it is best to soak the roots overnight. This will allow them to start growing and encourage root growth rather than sending their energy into producing flowers. When the flowering time arrives, care for your plants as we have described above. Put them in a warm area and they will be sure to start blooming.

Cyclamen pseudibericum are small, bushy plants with round, dark green leaves that grow about 3 inches long. They have pink or white flowers that come in spikes of three to four flowers on top of stalks rising from the middle of the plant's foliage. The flowers sport six petals that are somewhat pointed, with a small white line down the center of each petal. Each flower lasts for about a week if they are given proper care by their owner.

Cyclamen pseudibericum is easy to propagate from cuttings taken in summer or autumn and rooted under glass as described above. The plant can also be propagated from seed sown in March or April.

Cyclamen Repandum

Cyclamen repandum a perennial plant from the "Euphorbia" family. The botanical name of Cyclamen Repandum is: Euphorbia repanda (Schultes) Poir, with synonym: Cocculus repandus Schultes

Many people refer to this type of cyclamen spurge as Painted Cup. It is widespread in Asia, North America and Europe. It is a perennial plant that grows from 1.2 to 2 feet tall and flowers during late autumn. Cyclamen repandum has white flowers with pink or purple spots on the petals growing upright on the stem. The leaves are small oblong-ovate shaped plants with rough warty surface that can be green or yellow. The seed pods are slender, green and covered with glands that produce a sweet sap if they are damaged. You can buy cyclamen repandum seeds online from sellers who have this type of plant for sale in their catalogs.

Cyclamen repandum is propagated by seeds or from cuttings. However, it can also be propagated by tissue culture.

Cyclamen Hederifolium

Cyclamen hederifolium is a flowering perennial plant that originates from the Mediterranean area. It can be found growing naturally in Western Asia and North Africa. The exact range of where it grows naturally is unknown because it has been cultivated by humans since ancient times for its beautiful flowers which grow on top of short stems above the ground.

The plant is not a true spurge because it does not belong in the genus Euphorbia which contains most true species of spurges. It is closely related to a common garden herb, Cyclamen persicum. In its native range types of cyclamen spurge can grow to heights of up to 3 feet but in cultivation they are usually kept much shorter.

Their flowers come in a wide range of colors including red, pink, purple and white. They are quite showy and popular among gardeners cultivating these plants for their winter interest. The plants require dappled shade and moist soil for best results in the garden.

Cyclamen hederifolium is typically grown from seed or cuttings . The seeds are sown directly into moist potting mix once all danger of frost has passed. They should be kept warm and shaded until they germinate, which can take up to 2 months. The cuttings should be taken from the current seasons growth and treated like seedlings until they have rooted . Once grown, types of cyclamen spurge can be propagated by separating the clumps after they are about 5 years old .Cyclamen Hederifolium are hardy in USDA zones 5-9.


What is the difference between Cyclamen coum and Hederifolium?

The flowers of Cyclamen coum are dumpy and have no auricles at the base. The flowers of Cyclamen Hederifolium are more elongated and have auricles. The leaves are also different, Cyclamen coum has rounded leaves and Cyclamen hederifolium more pointed.

Do cyclamen spurge every year?

A bulbous perennial that provides interesting color often when a few others flower, especially in late winter or early spring.

How long do cyclamen spurge last?

A well-tended cyclamen can live up to 100 years in the same spot. 


Cyclamen spurge is a very common weed in America. It needs to be controlled not only with herbicides but also by physical removal. Habitat changes and mowing do not appear to have an effect on this plant because its seeds can germinate quickly after exposure to light. Once they have established themselves in an area, it is almost impossible to destroy them completely. The best way to prevent new individuals from spreading is to prevent them from appearing.

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