Types Of Calendula Flower Summary: Calendula Flower, Benefits & More

Calendula flowers can be used for a variety of purposes. They can be eaten or used as a decoration. There are many different types of calendula flowers. Some have orange, white, yellow, red and pink petals. Others have fewer petals and tend to come in single colors with the exception of blue. Another type of calendula has darker colored petals that range from dark purple to light pink. In some cases there are other colors that can turn up too like white or black.

English Marigold

This type of calendula has different shades of orange and yellow petals. It also has a dark center. In some instances there can be black dots on the outer edge. The flower head is flat with a diameter that ranges from one to five inches (2.54cm-12.7cm).

This is an annual plant native to southern Europe and Asia. It is also referred to as African marigold or garden marigold. Some plants are grown for their seeds while others are grown for the petals that have medicinal properties. The petals can be added to salads, soups or stews for flavor.

They can also be used as a garnish in dishes with other ingredients. Marigolds are usually grown in gardens to keep pests away from other flowers.

Calendula uliginosa

This plant is tall and has stems with yellowish calendula flowers that are usually solitary. The leaves have a rectangular shape along with deep veins and serrated edges. The petals can be bright orange, red or dark purple in color.

The petals are edible and they can be used to add flavor to other foods. Some people like to add them to their tea. Others use the petals in salads or stir fry dishes. Some people even add calendula flowers to ice cream and jams.

Calendula pallida

This plant has yellow petals that have dark reddish-brown veins. The petals are also usually longer than those of the marsh marigold. Plants tend to grow up to about four inches (10cm) in diameter and they can be found growing wild in North America.

The leaves and flowers of the plant are edible, but they should not be consumed in large amounts. They have been used to treat stomach upset and heartburn, as well as skin irritations. The pollen has been used to make flour and it has also been added to ice cream.

Calendula arvensis

This annual flower is native to southern Europe and western Asia. It has bright yellow petals with a dark center. It is used as a dye for fabrics, papers and leather. The plant can be found in North America as an ornamental herb that is grown to attract pollinating insects such as bees and butterflies. It grows best in full sun and in well-drained soil.

The petals can be used to color cheeses and eggs. The petals are edible when cooked, but they do not have a high nutritional value. Calendula flowers have been used to make herbal teas for treating colds, coughs and skin irritations. They also have antibacterial properties.

This is popular with gardeners who want to keep pests away from the plants around their homes. It also attracts beneficial insects that can be used as natural pest control.

Calendula Siculiana

It has large flowers with bright yellow petals that have purple spots in the center along with a dark orange or brown spot on each petal. The leaves are wavy and they usually grow long, reaching up to eighteen inches (46cm).

The petals can be added to salads, soups and stir fry dishes. They also have antibacterial properties that can help prevent infection in cuts and wounds. They have been used in the past as a perfumed oil for skin care.

French marigold

This type of calendula is native to South America, but it has been brought to North America by European immigrants. It has bright yellow or orange petals that are often streaked with red spots. The petals also tend to have a deeper color in the center.

The leaves and flowers of this plant can be eaten raw or they can be cooked as a side dish. They are high in antioxidants that can help prevent certain types of cancers and they also have anti-inflammatory properties, which people use to treat stomach ulcers and arthritis. The leaves can also act as insect repellents.

Calendula lanzae Maire

It has relatively small flowers with yellow petals and purple veins. The flowers grow in clusters that are usually smaller than two inches (5cm) wide.

The petals of this plant were used by Native Americans to repel insects from crops. They can also be used to treat cuts and wounds, as well as skin irritations.

Calendula maritima Guss

This plant can grow to be between two and six inches (5cm-15cm) tall. It also has small flowers that are lined with purple or red streaks. The petals usually have a dark brown spot at the edge of each one.

The petals of this plant are edible and they can be used in salads, soups, stir fry dishes and tea. The petals also have antibacterial properties that make them a good supplement to use in cosmetics and lotions. They are also used as a dye for clothing.

Calendula maroccana 

This plant has pale yellow petals that are sometimes streaked with red. The flowers grow in clusters and they can reach as tall as three inches (8cm).

The flowers of this plant are edible, but people usually add them to dishes at the last minute. They have been used to help treat skin irritations and wounds in the past.

It grows in dry places and it is native to Morocco.

Calendula palaestina

Calendula palaestina is a species of the genus Calendula and the family Asteraceae. It is endemic to Israel, where it grows on rocky slopes at an elevation of 1000-1800 meters above sea level.

The flowers are orange-yellow and appear during June–August. C. palaestina can grow to 10–25 cm tall. The flowers are very similar in appearance to the flowers of papaver rhoeas (field poppies) and thus can be used as a weed substitute for them when growing opium poppies for medicinal use.

Much like other calendula species, Calendula palaestina is often used in herbal healing for minor ailments such as cuts, scrapes and burns. However the thick leaves and stems of C. palaestina are much more effective than the flowers in treating these conditions due to their high concentrations of essential oils.

The oil extracted from them inhibits microbial growth which makes it an ingredient in some topical antibiotic creams. The flowers of the plant are occasionally used in salads or added to teas.

Calendula stellata

Calendula stellata is the common name for this particular type of calendula flowers. It mainly consists of daisy-like flowers, although some are composite flower heads. The daisy-like flowers belong to the calendula species, whereas the composite flower heads are in a different genus of Asteraceae, known as Compositae.

Calendulas occur naturally in South Africa and Australia. However, North America is where they are mainly found today due to human intervention. As people migrated from Europe to the US, they brought with them seeds of the Calendula species.

Calendula suffruticosa 

Calendula suffruticosa is a species of the genus Calendula and the family Asteraceae. It was described by German botanist Carl Anton von Meyer in 1831. Common names include lagoon pincushion, marsh marigold and sea marigold.The flowers are bright yellow with orange centers.

It is a perennial that has both branching and unbranching stems. The stem usually reaches heights between 18 inches (46 cm) to 24 inchs (61cm).

This type of calendula flowers was introduced as an ornamental plant for its bright yellow petals. Calendula suffruticosa is native to the United States.

Calendula meuselii

Calendula meuselii also has daisy-like flowers that come in shades of yellow. These are native to South Africa.

The plant grows from a rhizome, which is underground and rounded. It typically grows between 6 inches (15cm) and 12 inches (30 cm).

This is only found in eastern countries, and mainly as ornamental flowers. They have been used to treat a wide variety of conditions including eczema, psoriasis and skin rashes.

Calendula denticulata 

Calendula denticulata is another flowering plant within the genus, Calendula. It belongs to the family Asteraceae and it is also native to South Africa.

It grows from a rounded rhizome that has reddish brown skin. The jagged leaves are about 8 inches long (20cm). When the flowers appear they are a bright yellow shade.

Calendula eckerleinii

It belongs to the family Asteraceae and it is a perennial plant that grows in an upright manner, reaching heights between 12 inches (30 cm) and 36 inches (90cm). The flowers can be yellow or orange colored.

It comes from South Africa but like some other members of the genus (e.g. Calendula meuselii, C. denticulata) it is mainly used as an ornamental and not for medicinal purposes.

These plants have been used throughout history to treat minor skin conditions such as sunburns, rashes and boils. The flowers have anti-inflammatory properties. Native Americans have used them on rashes and boils, while the Greeks used a combination of Calendula flowers and olive oil as an ointment for skin ailments.


Is calendula and marigold the same?

No, and here's why: Although both are members of the sunflower (Asteraceae) family, marigolds are members of the Tagetes genus, which includes at least 50 species, while calendula are members of the Calendula genus, a smaller genus with only 15 to 20 species.

Are all types of calendula medicinal?

You can use any of the Calendula officinalis cultivars as food or medicine, although the yellow and orange varieties are more common in medicinal preparations. Let the aroma and stickiness of the flowers guide you in finding your personal favorite types of calendula.

Is calendula a mosquito repellent?

These pretty orange and yellow annual flowers, known as Calendula officinalis, also repel mosquitoes with their scent. The noninvasive plant provides a companion plant for outdoor areas where you spend a lot of time.

What calendula means?

The genus name Calendula is a modern Latin diminutive of calendae, meaning "little calendar", "little clock" or possibly "little weather-glass".  The common name "marigold" refers to the Virgin Mary. The most commonly cultivated and used member of the genus is Calendula officinalis, the pot marigold.


Calendula's are flowers that can be used in a variety of ways. They have many different uses for the benefit of humans and animals alike, while also having their own beauty, both to look at and touch. They are easy to grow and can be done almost anywhere, you just have to make sure that it is in a place where people do not walk, animals cannot reach the plants or other factors affect the plant. There are many different types of calendula's and each one has their own beauty and benefits as mentioned before. Whether you want to use them for beauty, healing or just about anything else, calendulas are a plant that is worth growing.

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