15 Best Types Of Wood Cutting Tools And Their Characteristics

The woodcutting tools are the most essential devices in carpentry and timber to make man's life simpler.

There are many types of wood cutting tools such as hatchet, deep hole saw, coping saw, pruning saw, hand saw, a bow saw and also power saw. In addition to this, there are numerous other gadgets which can be used for cutting purposes which consist of chisels as well as mallets.

In this article we have tried to cover various tools that are available for cutting purpose and their usage.

Wood cutting tools are?

It is a cutting tool that is used to pare, cut and chop wood. The blade of the axe consists of two parts one is the bit, which goes through the handle and another part is made up of wedge-shaped piece which has its role in keeping the axe locked on the objects.

It has been invented since centuries ago and is still in use. It can be used for cutting purposes as well as for splitting purposes also.

It has been used to make tools like saws, knives as well as planes that are mainly used to cut wood pieces into different shapes.

Hand wood cutting tools 

Hand saw

This is a saw which consists of a metal handle and blade . The blade has to be drawn in a backward motion with the help of wooden handles on both sides . It is used for cutting thick branches of trees or woods into different shapes as well as sizes. The blade of the saw can be made of steel or wood in some cases.

It is a type of saw that has been invented to cut wood into different shapes as well as sizes . It consists of sharp blades which are highly efficient and have different types like frame, push and pruning among others. It is mainly used for trimming trees.

It is a type of saw that can cut through wood with high efficiency. The blades of this saw are fixed to the handles perfectly and can be used for cutting thick pieces of wood as well as branches without any trouble . It has been widely used over the years not only in homes but also in professional works.

Dovetail saw

It is a type of hand tool that can be used for making joinery. It has been designed to make joints like the dove tail joint which is one of the strongest types of joints. The saw consists of a thin blade with pointed teeth and it can easily cut through different wood pieces with high efficiency . This saw can be made of steel as well as wood .

It is a type of hand saw that consists of a round, tapered blade which is very sharp. It has been designed to cut curved lines in wood pieces with high efficiency. The saw mainly consists of metal handle and blade but some saws are made from both steel and plastic.

Pruning saw

It is a type of saw that has been designed to cut wood branches and other parts into different shapes. It consists of a thin blade with pointed teeth and can be used for cutting thick pieces of wood as well . The blades are made up of strong metal while the handle is made up of plastic or rubber. This type of saw can be made of steel, plastic, as well as wood in some cases.

It is a type of saw that has been designed to cut only small diameter branches and pieces. The blade has pointed teeth and it consists of a metal handle which is highly efficient for cutting purposes . It can easily cut through light woods like pine etc.

Samurai saw

A saw is a wood cutting tool with many teeth, which are arranged in sets called "teeth" or "cutting bands." A set of saw teeth is called a "File". There are various types of saws, such as rip and cross cut. Samurai saws (crosscut) have been used since the Edo period for the construction of buildings, fences and other material.

Keyhole saw

A keyhole saw is a general term for any small hand saw which has a relatively thin blade with fine teeth that turns (rotates) in the eye or "keyhole" of the handle, allowing it to be held straight or at an angle while cutting. Many of these saws also have a screw to adjust the blade tension.

Keyhole saws are used for a wide variety of tasks, from clearing fallen trees and cutting wood for firewood to rescue operations (rescue workers use keyhole saws to extricate trapped victims).

Pencil saw

A pencil saw is a type of hand saw used for fine, detailed cuts. The blade of these small saws has a rectangular cross section and no set, allowing the blade to cut in any direction with minimal resistance (compared to a conventional or rip-cut saw).

Pencil saw blades have a cross section (or blade profile) that is typically rectangular with smooth, straight or concave sides and no set. Most pencil saws are not ripsaws, as they have tapered blades rather than ones which naturally form flat edges at one end. The tapering of the blade permits it to cut in any direction, while the teeth of rip saws are almost always parallel.

Pocket knife

A pocket knife is a small folding or clasping multi-purpose knife with one or more blades and other convenient implements. The blade of a typical pocket knife is usually made of steel and the handle of wood, plastic, or bone.

Saws are among the most common functional tools found in a modern pocket knife, along with scissors and blades of all shapes and sizes.

Pocket knives are often used as tools but a number of them make very fine weapons as well. A famous example is the bowie knife which was originally designed for use as a fighting and survival tool by Jim Bowie (hence its popularity in Westerns) but was also one of the most famous fighting knives in history due to its use by John Brown's raiders during the raid at Harpers Ferry.

Wood chisel

A wood chisel is a hand tool primarily used for removing small amounts of material from the surface of a wooden or cork workpiece. The blade of most wood chisels is U-shaped and usually has a small, pointed end to allow the user to start the cut in narrow places.

Wood chisels are often used before a woodworking project is finished, to remove excess wood in a smooth and controlled manner. For instance, when shaping wood with a chisel you should always work from the marked line towards the interior of your piece. This way you can see that you are not removing too much material at any one time.


A jigsaw, also known as a saw or (informally) javelin is a tool consisting of a thin blade with an ergonomic handle used to cut curves and shapes into wood, plastic and metal. Worn blades may be replaced when they become worn out or break. 

There are two main types of jigsaw blades: 'general purpose' blades (for cutting wood and soft metals in a variety of materials), and 'competition' blades (for non-ferrous metals, plastics and woods).

Fret saw

A fret saw (also called a "reciprocating saw") is a small, portable power tool for fine woodworking. It has a handle and an arched frame to support the blade. The blade oscillates backwards and forwards much like that of a mechanical pencil as it cuts along its lengthwise axis.

Fret saws are used for cutting intricate curves in wood, metal, plastic and other materials that cannot be easily achieved using a handsaw.  They are sometimes called "keyhole saws" because the arched frame resembles a keyhole.

Crosscut saw

A crosscut saw (often simply called a "hand saw") is an implement for cutting wood parallel to the grain. The blade of a crosscut saw has extra teeth, which make it possible to cut faster and more efficiently than with a rip saw.

The handle of crosscut and rip saws may be the same or almost the same. Rip saws have handles that curve away from the line of cut, while crosscut saws (which are not necessarily curved) have straight handles for comfortable holding and guiding in a push stroke.


A hatchet is a small axe designed for chopping of smaller diameter wood. A typical hatchet weighs from 500 grams (1.1 pounds) to 1 kilogram, and 10-14 inches in length. The curved blade on the side is useful for hammering or scraping, while the back of the head can be used as a pick.

A hatchet head is often thinner than a knife blade, and is useful for removing small limbs in a much wider radius than using an axe. A hatchet can be more efficient than the usual combination of a knife and hand saw, since both tools are combined into one compact tool that also has multiple possible uses.

Power wood cutting tools

Power wood cutting tools (also called "power saws" or "woodworking machines") are the most common power tool used for cutting and shaping wood. These tools generally fall into two categories: electric handsaws and circular saws, each of which either plow (cut with a toothed blade) or rip(cut with a smooth-bladed blade).

Wood lathe

A wood lathe is a device used primarily for the shaping of wood and other material for use in turnery or to produce thin cylindrical objects known as "turned parts."

The workpiece is held by a spindle (either directly or through bearings) and made to spin by an amount controlled by one or more "carriers" and moved left or right by a cross-slide, resulting in uniformity of rotation.

Woodturning is the art of craftspersons creating objects from wood with a lathe. These objects include: bowls; cylinder vases (like those traditionally made by glassblowers); pens; spatulas; and many other household items.

Table saw

A table saw is a power tool that severs wood by using high-speed steel rotating as thin as a sheet of paper. It functions similarly to an ordinary hand saw, but is usually much larger and more powerful. A typical modern table saw can cut through pieces over 150 millimeters (6 inches) thick.

The blade of a table saw is mounted on a perpendicular metal plate that pivots the spinning blade about an axis parallel to the wood surface. This feature allows the operator to make smooth, accurate cuts with minimal effort and in safety (without requiring large overhead clearance).

Chop Saw

A chop saw is a type of circular power tool used for cutting logs, bars and beams into manageable lengths. Also known as a "downcut" or "reversible" saw because it can be set up to either cut with the rotation (or 'throw') of the blade, or against it causing a sudden stop called an "electrical bounce" frequently damaging the blade and/or machine.

Chop saws are beneficial over a circular saw in that they have much more power, allowing for faster cutting of thicker materials. They do, however, require the operator to have some degree of strength due to the amount of force needed to push through material; an adjustable low-kickback blade is almost always used.


Do I need to be a professional woodworker in order to use this tool?

No, not necessarily. If you have some experience in woodworking, then the tool will probably be fine for your projects.

Who should NOT use these tools?

Woodworking is a potentially dangerous activity. If you have heart problems, respiratory issues, or another health problem that might be aggravated by participating in this hobby, then you probably should not use these tools until your health improves.

How do I stay safe when using them?

Always wear safety goggles when using any of these tools. Always keep power cords away from your blade, and do not use the tool if you notice any damaged equipment. Be sure to account for the blade when storing your tool.

It is best to store the blade in a case or box that will prevent it from cutting into other objects if it is tipped over, and place it in a location where children cannot access it.

Do I need any special skills?

Yes. Woodworking tools require a certain level of skill that cannot necessarily be taught by watching others use them. If you are looking for the easiest way to make furniture, then it might be best to stick to store-bought items instead of attempting to build your own!


In conclusion, you can look at different kinds of wood cutting tools to determine which is the best for your use. There are a variety of brands in the marketplace and some have their own features that make them unique from all others. It's helpful to know more about a product before buying it than after you've bought it since with knowledge comes satisfaction.

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